• Dairy Product Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in EPIC-InterAct: A Mendelian Randomization Study.

      Vissers, Linda E T; Sluijs, Ivonne; van der Schouw, Yvonne T; Forouhi, Nita G; Imamura, Fumiaki; Burgess, Stephen; Barricarte, Aurelio; Boeing, Heiner; Bonet, Catalina; Chirlaque, Maria-Dolores; et al. (2019-02-06)
      To estimate the causal association between intake of dairy products and incident type 2 diabetes. The analysis included 21,820 European individuals (9,686 diabetes cases) of the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. Participants were genotyped, and rs4988235 (LCT-12910C>T), a SNP for lactase persistence (LP) which enables digestion of dairy sugar, i.e., lactose, was imputed. Baseline dietary intakes were assessed with diet questionnaires. We investigated the associations between imputed SNP dosage for rs4988235 and intake of dairy products and other foods through linear regression. Mendelian randomization (MR) estimates for the milk-diabetes relationship were obtained through a two-stage least squares regression. Each additional LP allele was associated with a higher intake of milk (β 17.1 g/day, 95% CI 10.6-23.6) and milk beverages (β 2.8 g/day, 95% CI 1.0-4.5) but not with intake of other dairy products. Other dietary intakes associated with rs4988235 included fruits (β -7.0 g/day, 95% CI -12.4 to -1.7 per additional LP allele), nonalcoholic beverages (β -18.0 g/day, 95% CI -34.4 to -1.6), and wine (β -4.8 g/day, 95% CI -9.1 to -0.6). In instrumental variable analysis, LP-associated milk intake was not associated with diabetes (hazard ratio 0.99 rs4988235 was associated with milk intake but not with intake of other dairy products. This MR study does not suggest that milk intake is associated with diabetes, which is consistent with previous observational and genetic associations. LP may be associated with intake of other foods as well, but owing to the modest associations we consider it unlikely that this has caused the observed null result.
    • Data on child complementary feeding practices, nutrient intake and stunting in Musanze District, Rwanda.

      Uwiringiyimana, Vestine; Ocké, Marga C; Amer, Sherif; Veldkamp, Antonie (2018-12)
      Stunting prevalence in Rwanda is still a major public health issue, and data on stunting is needed to plan relevant interventions. This data, collected in 2015, presents complementary feeding practices, nutrient intake and its association with stunting in infants and young children in Musanze District in Rwanda. A household questionnaire and a 24-h recall questionnaire were used to collect the data. In total 145 children aged 5-30 months participated in the study together with their caregivers. The anthropometric status of children was calculated using WHO Anthro software [1] according to the WHO growth standards [2]. The complementary feeding practices together with households' characteristics are reported per child stunting status. The nutrient intake and food group consumption are presented per age group of children. Also, the percentage contribution of each food groups to energy and nutrient intake in children is reported. The data also shows the association between zinc intake and age groups of children. Using multiple linear regression, a sensitivity analysis was done with height-for-age z-score as the dependent variable and exclusive breastfeeding, deworming table use, BMI of caregiver, dietary zinc intake as independent variables. The original linear regression model and a detailed methodology and analyses conducted are presented in Uwiringiyimana et al. [3].
    • Database of processing techniques and processing factors compatible with the EFSA food classification and description system FoodEx 2 Objective 1: Compendium of Representative Processing Techniques investigated in regulatory studies for pesticides.

      Scholz, R; Herrmann, M; Kittelmann, A; von Schledom, M; van Donkersgoed, G; Graven, C; van der Velde-Koerts, T; Anagnostopoulos, C; Bempelou, E; Michalski, B (2019-04-16)
    • Database of processing techniques and processing factors compatible with the EFSA food classification and description system FoodEx 2 Objective 3: European database of processing factors for pesticides in food.

      Scholz, R; van Donkersgoed, G; Herrmann, M; Kittelmann, A; von Schledom, M; Graven, C; Mahieu, K; van der Velde-Koerts, T; Anagnostopoulos, C; Bempelou, E; et al. (2019-04-16)
    • DC-SIGN signalling induced by Trichinella spiralis products contributes to the tolerogenic signatures of human dendritic cells.

      Cvetkovic, Jelena; Ilic, Nataša; Gruden-Movsesijan, Alisa; Tomic, Sergej; Mitic, Ninoslav; Pinelli, Elena; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Ljiljana (2020-11-20)
    • Deciphering the Impact of Early-Life Exposures to Highly Variable Environmental Factors on Foetal and Child Health: Design of SEPAGES Couple-Child Cohort.

      Lyon-Caen, Sarah; Siroux, Valérie; Lepeule, Johanna; Lorimier, Philippe; Hainaut, Pierre; Mossuz, Pascal; Quentin, Joane; Supernant, Karine; Meary, David; Chaperot, Laurence; et al. (2019-10-14)
    • Decision models of prediabetes populations: a systematic review.

      Leal, Jose; Morrow, Liam Mc; Kurshid, Waqar; Pagano, Eva; Feenstra, Talitha (2019-03-03)
      With evidence supporting the use of preventive interventions for prediabetes populations and the use of novel biomarkers to stratify the risk of progression there is a need to evaluate their cost-effectiveness across jurisdictions. Our aim is to summarise and assess the quality and validity of decision models and model-based economic evaluations of populations with prediabetes, evaluate their potential use for the assessment of novel prevention strategies and discuss the knowledge gaps, challenges and opportunities. We searched Medline, Embase, EconLit and NHS EED between 2000 and 2018 for studies reporting computer simulation models of the natural history of individuals with prediabetes and/or used decision models to evaluate the impact of treatment strategies on these populations. Data were extracted following PRISMA guidelines and assessed using modelling checklists. Two reviewers independently assessed 50% of the titles and abstracts to determine whether a full text review was needed. Of these, 10% was assessed by each reviewer to cross-reference the decision to proceed to full review. Using a standardised form, and double extraction, four reviewers each extracted 50% of identified studies. Twenty-nine published decision models that simulate prediabetes populations were identified. Studies showed large variations in the definition of prediabetes and model structure. The inclusion of complications in prediabetes (n=8) and type 2 diabetes (n=17) health states also varied. A minority of studies simulated annual changes in risk factors (glycaemia, HbA1c, blood pressure, BMI, lipids) as individuals progressed in the models (n=7) and accounted for heterogeneity amongst individuals with prediabetes (n=7). Current prediabetes decision models have considerable limitations in terms of their quality and validity and are not equipped to evaluate stratified strategies using novel biomarkers highlighting a clear need for more comprehensive prediabetes decision models. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    • Decision-making styles in the context of colorectal cancer screening.

      Douma, Linda N; Uiters, Ellen; Timmermans, Danielle R M (2020-02-03)
    • Decision-making, barriers, and facilitators regarding cervical cancer screening participation among Turkish and Moroccan women in the Netherlands: a focus group study.

      Hamdiui, Nora; Marchena, Eline; Stein, Mart L; van Steenbergen, Jim E; Crutzen, Rik; van Keulen, Hilde M; Reis, Ria; van den Muijsenbergh, Maria E T C; Timen, Aura (2021-01-07)
      Six focus group discussions were conducted between March and April 2019 with Turkish (n = 24) and Moroccan (n = 20) women in the Netherlands, aged 30-60 years. Questions were based on an extended version of the Health Belief Model. Discussions were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed.
    • Decomposition of mixtures of cover crop residues increases microbial functional diversity.

      Drost, SM; Rutgers, M; Wouterse, M; de Boer, W; Bodelier, PLE (2020-11-23)
    • DECREASE IN VIRAL HEPATITIS DIAGNOSES DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN THE NETHERLANDS.

      Sonneveld, Milan J; Veldhuijzen, Irene K; van de Laar, Thijs; Op de Coul, Eline L M; van der Meer, Adriaan J (2021-04-19)
    • Decreased production of epithelial-derived antimicrobial molecules at mucosal barriers during early life.

      Lokken-Toyli, Kristen L; de Steenhuijsen Piters, Wouter A A; Zangari, Tonia; Martel, Rachel; Kuipers, Kirsten; Shopsin, Bo; Loomis, Cynthia; Bogaert, Debby; Weiser, Jeffrey N (2021-08-31)
    • Decreased, but still sufficient, iodine intake of children and adults in the Netherlands.

      Verkaik-Kloosterman, Janneke; Buurma-Rethans, Elly J M; Dekkers, Arnold L M; van Rossum, Caroline T M (2017-04)
      Sufficient I intake is important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which play an important role in normal growth and development. Our aim was to estimate habitual I intake for the Dutch population and the risk of inadequate or excessive intakes. Further, we aimed to provide an insight into the dietary sources of I and the association with socio-demographic factors. Data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2007-2010 (n 3819; 7-69 years), and from the Dutch food and supplement composition tables were used to estimate habitual I intake with a calculation model. Contribution of food groups to I intake were computed and multiple linear regression was used to examine associations of intakes with socio-demographic factors. A total of ≤2 % of the population had an intake below the estimated average requirement or above the upper level. The main sources of I were bread containing iodised salt (39 %), dairy products (14 %) and non-alcoholic drinks (6 %). I intake (natural sources only, excluding iodised salt and supplements) was positively associated with (parental) education, which could at least partly be attributed to a higher consumption of dairy products. Among children, the consumption of bread, often containing iodised bakery salt, was positively associated with parental education. The I intake of the Dutch population (7-69 years) seems adequate, although it has decreased since the period before 2008. With the current effort to reduce salt intake and changing dietary patterns (i.e. less bread, more organic foods) it is important to keep a close track on the I status, important sources and potential risk groups.
    • DeepAMR for predicting co-occurrent resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

      Yang, Yang; Walker, Timothy M; Walker, A Sarah; Wilson, Daniel J; Peto, Timothy E A; Crook, Derrick W; Shamout, Farah; Zhu, Tingting; Clifton, David A (2019-09-15)
    • Deer presence rather than abundance determines the population density of the sheep tick, Ixodes ricinus, in Dutch forests.

      Hofmeester, Tim R; Sprong, Hein; Jansen, Patrick A; Prins, Herbert H T; van Wieren, Sipke E (2017-09-19)
      Understanding which factors drive population densities of disease vectors is an important step in assessing disease risk. We tested the hypothesis that the density of ticks from the Ixodes ricinus complex, which are important vectors for tick-borne diseases, is determined by the density of deer, as adults of these ticks mainly feed on deer.
    • Deficiency in the DNA repair protein ERCC1 triggers a link between senescence and apoptosis in human fibroblasts and mouse skin.

      Kim, Dong Eun; Dollé, Martijn E T; Vermeij, Wilbert P; Gyenis, Akos; Vogel, Katharina; Hoeijmakers, Jan H J; Wiley, Christopher D; Davalos, Albert R; Hasty, Paul; Desprez, Pierre-Yves; et al. (2019-11-18)
      ERCC1 (excision repair cross complementing-group 1) is a mammalian endonuclease that incises the damaged strand of DNA during nucleotide excision repair and interstrand cross-link repair. Ercc1-/Δ mice, carrying one null and one hypomorphic Ercc1 allele, have been widely used to study aging due to accelerated aging phenotypes in numerous organs and their shortened lifespan. Ercc1-/Δ mice display combined features of human progeroid and cancer-prone syndromes. Although several studies report cellular senescence and apoptosis associated with the premature aging of Ercc1-/Δ mice, the link between these two processes and their physiological relevance in the phenotypes of Ercc1-/Δ mice are incompletely understood. Here, we show that ERCC1 depletion, both in cultured human fibroblasts and the skin of Ercc1-/Δ mice, initially induces cellular senescence and, importantly, increased expression of several SASP (senescence-associated secretory phenotype) factors. Cellular senescence induced by ERCC1 deficiency was dependent on activity of the p53 tumor-suppressor protein. In turn, TNFα secreted by senescent cells induced apoptosis, not only in neighboring ERCC1-deficient nonsenescent cells, but also cell autonomously in the senescent cells themselves. In addition, expression of the stem cell markers p63 and Lgr6 was significantly decreased in Ercc1-/Δ mouse skin, where the apoptotic cells are localized, compared to age-matched wild-type skin, possibly due to the apoptosis of stem cells. These data suggest that ERCC1-depleted cells become susceptible to apoptosis via TNFα secreted from neighboring senescent cells. We speculate that parts of the premature aging phenotypes and shortened health- or lifespan may be due to stem cell depletion through apoptosis promoted by senescent cells.
    • Defining and managing COVID-19-associated pulmonary aspergillosis: the 2020 ECMM/ISHAM consensus criteria for research and clinical guidance.

      Koehler, Philipp; Bassetti, Matteo; Chakrabarti, Arunaloke; Chen, Sharon C A; Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes; Hoenigl, Martin; Klimko, Nikolay; Lass-Flörl, Cornelia; Oladele, Rita O; Vinh, Donald C; et al. (2020-12-14)