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Etnische verschillen in diabetes, risicofactoren voor hart- en vaatziekten en zorggebruik. Resultaten van de Amsterdamse Gezondheidsmonitor 2004Bos G; Jacobs-van der Bruggen MAM; Ujcic-Voortman JK; Uitenbroek DG; Baan CA; GGD Amsterdam, Cluster Epidemiologie, Documentatie en Gezondheidsbevordering; PZO (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, 2007-06-08)The prevalence of diabetes in inhabitants of Amsterdam (18 years and older) is 4%. The prevalence of diabetes is three times higher among Turkish people and four times higher among Moroccans in comparison to Dutch people. Turkish diabetes patients have a higher mean body mass index compared to Dutch diabetes patients, but Turkish and Moroccan diabetes patients are admitted to hospital less often than Dutch diabetes patients. It is important for policy makers to know the differences in disease prevalence and health care use between ethnic groups, considering the expected rise in the proportion of immigrants. These results formed contributions to this report that was brought out by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and in cooperation with the Amsterdam Health Monitor of the Amsterdam Health Service. Forty-three percent of the 4042 invited Amsterdam inhabitants participated in the study in 2004. Ethnic differences in health and health care use were analyzed for the age group of 18-70 years, standardized for age and gender. Turkish and Moroccan people without diabetes differed from Dutch people without diabetes on many counts. For example, Turkish and Moroccan people were more often overweight and had higher mean blood glucose levels. They visited their general practitioners more often and experienced their own health as being moderate or poor on a more frequent basis. Turkish people without diabetes experienced more serious cardiac problems than Dutch people. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes patients was high among all ethnic groups. In general, cardiovascular risk factors were more frequent in Turkish diabetes patients, and to a lesser extent in Moroccan diabetes patients, compared to Dutch diabetes patients. Treatment of cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes patients is important for the prevention of or delay in cardiovascular complications.