• CSOIL 2020: Exposure model for human health risk assessment through contaminated soil. Technical description

      van Breemen, PMF; Quik, Joris T K; Brand, E; Otte, PF; Wintersen, AM; Swartjes, FA (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, 2020-12-15)
      This report describes the CSOIL 2020 model, which calculates human exposure to soil contaminants throughout the entire human lifetime. Exposure can occur through, for example, consuming home grown vegetables and inhalation of soil particles during gardening. CSOIL 2020 is the most recent version of the CSOIL model, which was developed in 1995 and revised in 2000. The Government of The Netherlands uses the results of this model to determine soil quality standards. CSOIL 2020 was updated to incorporate recent scientific knowledge and allow functionality under newer IT operating systems. Additionally, the exposure results from CSOIL can now be used in the newest version of the risk toolbox for soil (in Dutch: Risicotoolbox Bodem). The toolbox is used to determine whether soil can safely be (re-)used. New modules are currently under development to allow the toolbox to be used in the Environment and Planning act, which will enter into force on the first of January 2022. Contact with contaminants in soil can be damaging to human health. Information on the extent of human exposure is required to determine the risk to health. CSOIL determines the exposure on the basis of the type of soil use on a location, like 'Residential with garden', the properties of the contaminant, such as solubility, and the local situation.