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Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands 1990-2016de Melker HE; de Melker HE; Broek I van den; Broek I van den; Baas K; Berghe ACWM; Huis EP; Broek I van den; Hoen M 't; Dam-Deisz WDC; et al. (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu RIVM, 2018-05-09)Total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the Netherlands in 2016 increased by approximately 0.2%, compared with 2015 emissions. This increase was mainly the result of increased natural gasconsumption for space heating. On the other hand, the emission of electricity production has declined. In 2016, total GHG emissions (including indirect CO2 emissions and excluding emissions from Land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF)) in the Netherlands amounted to 195.2 Tg CO2 eq. This is approximately 12.4% below the emissions in the base year2 (222.9 Tg CO2 eq.). CO2 emissions in 2016 were still above the level in the base year (+1.6%). This increase was offset by the reduction since 1990 in emissions of methane, nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases (CH4, N2O and F-gases). This report documents the Netherlands' annual submission for 2018 of its GHG emissions inventory in accordance with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IPCC, 2006) provided by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol (KP) and the European Union's Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism. The report includes explanations of observed trends in emissions; an assessment of the sources with the highest contribution to total national emissions (key sources) and the uncertainty in their emissions; an itemization of methods, data sources and emission factors (EFs) applied; and a description of the quality assurance system and the verification activities performed on the data.